The synthesis of graphene nanosheets has been achieved by pulsed arc discharge in water with petroleum asphalt as a carbon source. The synthesized graphene nanosheets were examined by Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. The results indicate that most of as-synthesized graphene nanosheets have 2-5 layers, and small amounts of them have sheets in the range of 5-10 layers. The optical emission spectroscopy was used to monitor the arc discharge process, which indicates that the released hydrogen from asphalt may play a key role in the formation of graphene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering