Synthesis of coarse-grain-dispersed nano-polycrystalline cubic boron nitride by direct transformation under ultrahigh pressure

Yoshio Ichida, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Tetsuo Irifune, Takehiro Kunimoto, Yohei Kojima, Toru Shinmei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a turbostratic pyrolytic boron nitride produced by a chemical vapor deposition process as a starting material, we conducted experiments for synthesizing polycrystalline cubic boron nitride (PcBN) at a temperature of 1600–2600 °C and pressure of 25 GPa with a multi-anvil high-pressure apparatus. Moreover, we evaluated the microstructure and hardness characteristics of the synthesized PcBN. The results showed that a complete single-phase PcBN without residual wurtzite BN was produced at 1900 °C or higher and a nano-polycrystalline cBN (NPcBN) having a mean grain size smaller than 100 nm could be synthesized at a temperature of 1950 °C or lower under a pressure of 25 GPa. Furthermore, we found that a single-phase NPcBN (CGD-NPcBN) having a characteristic microstructure of dispersed relatively coarse grains in a fine polycrystalline structure, which was harder than 53.5 GPa in Knoop hardness, was produced at a temperature range of 1900–1950 °C. In particular, at 1950 °C, CGD-NPcBN having a Knoop hardness of 54.7 GPa, which is 25% higher than that of the hardest binderless PcBN tool currently in practical use, can be synthesized. In addition, we verified that the Knoop hardness of the single-phase PcBN with a uniform microstructure increased with decreasing mean grain size, which complied with the Hall–Petch relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Direct transformation
  • Grain size
  • Knoop hardness
  • Nano-polycrystalline cubic boron nitride
  • Ultrahigh pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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