Synthesis of carbon-encapsulated metal-based nanoparticles by gas/liquid interfacial plasma under high pressure

Yingying Lin, Wanying Zhu, Roujia Gou, Hideki Kita, Xin Hu, Li Zhu, Wahyudiono, Hideki Kanda, Motonobu Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carbon-encapsulated TiO2, Ag and Fe3O4 NPs are synthesized by pulse arc discharge plasma over glycine aqueous solution under high pressures, which is a novel plasma technique to fabricate metal-based NPs/C nanocomposites in one step. The carbon coatings are formed by utilizing glycine as a carbon precursor and confirmed to be amorphous carbon. While TiO2, Ag and Fe3O4 NPs are generated instantaneously via the erosion of the metal electrodes and reaction with the active oxidation radicals and molecular produced during the plasma generation over gas/liquid interface. It was found that the NPs are produced in the uniform size only under high operating pressure and the average size of the TiO2, Ag and Fe3O4 NPs were around 10.2 nm, 6.6 nm and 9.6 nm, respectively. The pulse arc discharge plasma was performed in different pressures, glycine concentrations and pulse times to investigate the effect of the influential factors on the formation of the carbon-encapsulated NPs in this plasma system. The carbon-encapsulated NPs are later annealed at 800 °C under Ar gas to construct the porous structure. In the MB degradation test, the porous carbon-encapsulated TiO2 NPs exhibit good adsorption capacity and improved photocatalytic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107771
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun


  • Carbon encapsulated nanoparticles
  • High pressure
  • Photocatalytic activity
  • Plasma
  • Pulsed arc discharge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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