Synthesis of amphiphilic derivatives of rose bengal and their tumor accumulation

Nami Sugita, Ken Ichi Kawabata, Kazuaki Sasaki, Isao Sakata, Shin Ichiro Umemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


It is known that the combination of laser light and its sensitizer is effective for noninvasive tumor treatment, referred to as photodynamic therapy. Using the combination of ultrasound and its sensitizer has also been suggested for a similar kind of tumor treatment, referred to as sonodynamic therapy. The purpose of this paper is to obtain such sensitizers accumulating selectively in tumors. Amphiphilic derivatives of rose bengal (RB) were synthesized to add a tumor-accumulating property to RB. One type of the synthesized RB derivatives (RBD3), having an alkyl chain with a branching carboxyl group, was found to be superior in amphiphilicity to the other types. Tumor tissue distribution of the synthesized derivatives in mice bearing colon 26 carcinoma was evaluated. It was found that RBD3s with carbon chain lengths of 12, 14, and 16 had higher concentrations in the tumor tissue than RB by more than 1 order of magnitude, several hours after administration. The concentrations correlated well with their water/1-octanol partition coefficients. Since RB is known to induce in vitro cell damage in combination with either laser light or ultrasound, the newly synthesized amphiphilic RB derivatives may be potentially useful as a tumor-selective sensitizer for both light and ultrasound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-873
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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