Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Thermoelectric Properties of Na2+xAl2+xSn4-x (x = -0.38, -0.24)

Masahiro Kanno, Takahiro Yamada, Hisanori Yamane, Hideaki Nagai

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    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Single crystals of novel compounds, Na2+xAl2+xSn4-x with x = -0.38 and -0.24, were prepared by slow cooling from the melts of the constituent element metals from 1023 and 1123 K, respectively. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the compounds crystallize in hexagonal cells (space group P6122) (x = -0.38, a = 6.4050(6) and c = 6.1427(6) Å x = -0.24, a = 6.3984(3) and c = 6.1529(3) Å). In the crystal structures, four-bonded Al and Sn atoms form frameworks in which helical tunnels are contained. Na atoms are statistically arranged at positions of a 6b site in the tunnels with occupancies of approximately 0.3. Polycrystalline bulk samples with a nominal composition X = -0.24 were prepared by heating compacts of a NaSn, Al, and Sn powder mixture at 623 K. The electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient of the polycrystalline samples changed from 3.09 × 103 to 1.03 × 104 S m-1 and from -222 to -185 μV K-1, respectively, with increasing temperature from 295 to 472 K. The thermal conductivity was 0.29-0.36 W m-1 K-1 at 295-371 K. The dimensionless figures of merit ZT were 0.15-0.21 at 295-371 K.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)601-607
    Number of pages7
    JournalChemistry of Materials
    Volume28
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 26

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Materials Chemistry

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