Synthesis, crystal structure and physical properties of layered cobalt oxide CaxCoO2 (x∼ 0.47)

Yuzuru Miyazaki, Xiangyang Huang, Takashi Kajiwara, Hisanori Yamane, Tsuyoshi Kajitani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have synthesized a single-phase sample of the compound known as CaCo2O4 and investigated its crystal structure by means of a single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The compound crystallizes in a triclinic system (space group P1) with lattice parameters of a = 492.4(2) pm, b = 568.3(3) pm, c = 568.5(3) pm, a = 75.400(9)°, β= 89.974(9)° and γ = 81.261(9)° at 293(2) K. The structure consists of an alternate stack of a CdI2-type CoO2 triangular sheet and a layer of Ca atoms, showing great similarity to that of β-NaxCoO 2 (x∼ 0.67). However, the Ca atom has four crystallographic sites with different occupation probabilities, leading to the structure formula Ca1.87(5)Co4O8 (Ca0.47(1)CoO 2). Due to a low bulk density as well as a small number of hole carriers, equivalent to the nominal valence state of Co ions close to 3.06, a polycrystalline sample of the Ca-phase exhibits much higher electrical resistivity p = 680 μΩ. m, relative to that of the Na-phase ρ = 1.2 μΩ m, with a large positive Seebeck coefficient of S = 145 μV/K at 300 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume117
Issue number1361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan

Keywords

  • Calcium cobalt oxide
  • Crystal structure
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Seebeck coefficient
  • Single crystal X-ray diffraction
  • Thermoelectric properties
  • Triclinic system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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