Synthesis, crystal structure, and lithium ion conductivity of Li2.10Sn0.90O2.85

Hisanori Yamane, Takuji Ikeda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    A white bulk sample of Li2.10Sn0.90O2.85 was prepared by heating a compact pellet of a Li2O and SnO2 powder mixture with a molar ratio of 1.10:0.95 at 1000 °C for 6 h in Ar and consisted of colorless transparent crystal grains with sizes in the range of 20–80 μm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) reflections from a single crystal taken from the grains were indexed with C-centered monoclinic cell parameters (a = 5.29120(10) Å, b = 9.2033(2) Å, c = 10.0676(2) Å, β = 100.5030(10)°). The crystal structure was determined with the space group C2/c (No. 15) using Li2SnO3 as a starting model. The final structure refinement was performed by partial substitution of Li+ for Sn4+ and the introduction of O2− defects with a formula of Li2(Li0.10Sn0.90)O2.85. Interstitial sites and continuous disordered distribution of Li+ ions were depicted in a differential Fourier synthesis map and an electron density distribution (EDD) map by the maximum entropy method (MEM). The disordered Li+ distribution was also revealed as broad peaks by 6Li magic-angle-spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The Li+ conductivity of Li2.10Sn0.90O2.85 measured at 25 °C was 1.0 × 10−6 S·cm−1, which was 105 times greater than that of Li2SnO3.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number115610
    JournalSolid State Ionics
    Volume364
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

    Keywords

    • Lithium ion conduction
    • Lithium stannate
    • MAS NMR
    • Solid state reaction synthesis
    • X-ray diffraction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics

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