Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) are filled with ferrocene molecules by a vapour diffusion method for the first time. The as-synthesized ferrocene-filled DWNTs are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry (EDX) and Raman spectroscopy. Electronic properties of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) filled with ferrocene molecules are studied by fabricating them as the channels of field-effect transistor (FET) devices. Our results reveal that electronic properties of ferrocene-filled DWNTs are greatly modified due to the charge transfer between ferrocene molecules and DWNTs. In addition, after ferrocene molecules are decomposed inside DWNTs, electronic properties of DWNTs exhibit a further change due to Fe encapsulation, and unipolar n-type semiconducting DWNTs are consequently obtained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering