Synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of tyrphostins containing nitrothiophene moieties as possible epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Valerie G. Brunton, Lloyd R. Kelland, Martin J. Lear, Gerard J. Montgomery, Jane H. Robertson, David J. Robins, Julian Queen, Paul Workman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of 36 nitrothiophene tyrphostins were synthesized, 32 of which were novel structures. Their ability to inhibit the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase was assessed in a cell-free assay. Compounds containing a dinitrile, 2-aminoethene-1,1-dinitrile or a thioamide group were good inhibitors of the receptor tyrosine kinase. Although anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activity was seen, no evidence of inhibition of EGF receptor autophosphorylation in intact cells was observed. The compounds showed no preferential inhibition of EGF-dependent proliferation of fibroblasts transfected with the EGF receptor. Furthermore, in a panel of squamous cell carcinoma cell lines with varying levels of EGF receptor expression, there was no selective cell kill of lines with the highest EGF receptor expression. The 2-nitro-5-substituted-thiophenes and the 2-nitro-3-substituted-thiophenes showed reduction potentials falling within the range likely to be reduced by cellular reducing agents, while the 2-nitro-4-substituted-thiophenes and 4-nitro-2-substituted-thiophenes did not. Compounds from the 2-nitro-5-substituted-thiophene series were shown to induce DNA damage, while no evidence of DNA damage was demonstrated with compounds from the 2-nitro-4-substituted-thiophene series. The 2-nitro-5-substituted-thiophene compound 4 showed significant tumour-type selectivity in the US National Cancer Institute human tumour cell line panel. The leukaemia cell lines were particularly sensitive to the compound, as were the majority of the colon cancer, melanoma and breast cancer cell lines, while the central nervous system-derived lines and the non-small cell lung cancer lines were particularly resistant. Further work is required to determine the precise mechanisms involved in these effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-295
Number of pages31
JournalAnti-Cancer Drug Design
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jun 1

Keywords

  • EGF receptor
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Oncology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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