Synergistic acceleration of experimental tooth movement by supplementary high-frequency vibration applied with a static force in rats

Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Kiyo Sasaki, Goudarzi Fatemeh, Tomohiro Fukunaga, Masahiro Seiryu, Takayoshi Daimaruya, Nobuo Takeshita, Hiroshi Kamioka, Taiji Adachi, Hiroto Ida, Atsushi Mayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several recent prospective clinical trials have investigated the effect of supplementary vibration applied with fixed appliances in an attempt to accelerate tooth movement and shorten the duration of orthodontic treatment. Among them, some studies reported an increase in the rate of tooth movement, but others did not. This technique is still controversial, and the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we developed a new vibration device for a tooth movement model in rats, and investigated the efficacy and safety of the device when used with fixed appliances. The most effective level of supplementary vibration to accelerate tooth movement stimulated by a continuous static force was 3 gf at 70 Hz for 3 minutes once a week. Furthermore, at this optimum-magnitude, high-frequency vibration could synergistically enhance osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function via NF-κB activation, leading to alveolar bone resorption and finally, accelerated tooth movement, but only when a static force was continuously applied to the teeth. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the mechanism by which optimum-magnitude high-frequency vibration accelerates tooth movement, and may lead to novel approaches for the safe and effective treatment of malocclusion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13969
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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