Synaptotagmin IV acts as a multi-functional regulator of Ca 2+-dependent exocytosis

Yasunori Mori, Mitsunori Fukuda

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In response to stimuli, secretary cells secrete a variety of signaling molecules packed in vesicles (e.g., neurotransmitters and peptide hormones) into the extracellular space by exocytosis. The vesicle secretion is often triggered by calcium ion (Ca2+) entered into secretary cells and achieved by the fusion of secretory vesicles with the plasma membrane. Recent accumulating evidence has indicated that members of the synaptotagmin (Syt) family play a major role in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis, and Syt I, in particular, is now widely accepted as the major Ca2+-sensor for synchronous neurotransmitter release. Involvement of other Syt isoforms in Ca 2+-dependent exocytotic events other than neurotransmitter release has also been reported, and the Syt IV isoform is of particular interest, because Syt IV has several unique features not found in Syt I (e.g., immediate early gene product induced by deporalization and postsynaptic localization). In this article, we summarize the literature on the multi-functional role of Syt IV in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1222-1227
    Number of pages6
    JournalNeurochemical Research
    Volume36
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 1

    Keywords

    • Ca-dependent exocytosis
    • Immediate early genes
    • PC12 cells
    • Phosphorylation
    • Synaptotagmin IV

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
    • Biochemistry

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