Symmetry breaking in Bose-Einstein condensates

Masahito Ueda, Yuki Kawaguchi, Hiroki Saito, Rina Kanamoto, Tatsuya Nakajima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A gaseous Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) offers an ideal testing ground for studying symmetry breaking, because a trapped BEC system is in a mesoscopic regime, and situations exist under which symmetry breaking may or may not occur. Investigating this problem can explain why mean-field theories have been so successful in elucidating gaseous BEC systems and when manybody effects play a significant role. We substantiate these ideas in four distinct situations: namely, soliton formation in attractive BECs, vortex nucleation in rotating BECs, spontaneous magnetization in spinor BECs, and spin texture formation in dipolar BECs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAtomic Physics 20 - XX International Conference on Atomic Physics, ICAP 2006
Pages165-172
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 1
Event20th International Conference on Atomic Physics, ICAP 2006 - Innsbruck, Austria
Duration: 2006 Jul 162006 Jul 21

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume869
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other20th International Conference on Atomic Physics, ICAP 2006
CountryAustria
CityInnsbruck
Period06/7/1606/7/21

Keywords

  • Dipolar BEC
  • Soliton
  • Symmetry breaking
  • Vortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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