Surgical treatment of spinal extradural arteriovenous fistula with parenchymal drainage: Report on 5 cases

Kuniyasu Niizuma, Toshiki Endo, Kenichi Sato, Shihomi Takada, Takayuki Sugawara, Shigeki Mikawa, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Spinal extradural arteriovenous fistula (SEDAVF) with parenchymal drainage (type A) is a rare clinical entity that causes venous congestive myelopathy. Treatment includes endovascular and open microsurgical interventions. We reviewed the clinical records of patients treated for a type A SEDAVF to evaluate the feasibility of our treatment strategy. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Between 2004 and 2010, 5 patients with a type A SEDAVF were treated at our institutes (4 men and 1 woman; mean age, 60 years). We performed endovascular transvenous embolization (TVE) when lesions were accessible transvenously; otherwise, microsurgical perimedullary drainer occlusion was performed. Follow-up ranged from 23 to 94 months (mean, 45.8 months). One patient was treated with TVE, and the remaining 4 were treated with microsurgical drainer occlusion. After a simple intradural drainer occlusion, an epidural venous lake was completely thrombosed in 2 patients. In 1 patient, postoperative angiography revealed that a part of the epidural component had persisted; however, the patient has been asymptomatic. In the remaining case with multiple intradural draining veins, sole drainer occlusion was not sufficient. A second surgery was required to meticulously coagulate the venous lake. As a consequence, parenchymal drainers disappeared. Overall, all patients stabilized or improved neurologically and experienced no recurrence. CONCLUSION: To treat a type A SEDAVF, either TVE or microsurgical intradural drainer occlusion can be used for satisfactory long-term results with minimal surgical risks. For a case with multiple intradural draining veins, detachment of the venous lake should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)onsE287-onsE293
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec


  • Epidural venous lake
  • Extradural arteriovenous fistula
  • Parenchymal drainage
  • Spinal cord
  • Venous congestive myelopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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