Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monoolate (Tween 80) was used to enhance the anaerobic acidogenesis of Canna indica L. (canna) by rumen culture in this study. Dose of Tween 80 at 1 ml/l enhanced the volatile fatty acids (VFA) production from the acidogenesis of canna compared to the control. However, Tween 80 at higher dosages than 5 ml/l inhibited the rumen microbial activity and reduced the VFA yield. Response surface methodology was successfully used to optimize the VFA yield. A maximum of VFA yield of 0.147 g/g total solids (TS) added was obtained at canna and Tween 80 concentrations of 6.3 g TS/l and 2.0 ml/l, respectively. Dosage of Tween 80 at 1-3.75 ml/l reduced the unproductive adsorption of microbes or enzymes on the lignin part in canna and increased microbial activity. A high VFA production was achieved from canna presoaked with Tween 80, suggesting that the structure of canna was disrupted by Tween 80.
- Tween 80
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal