Surface reaction of hydrogen on a palladium alloy membrane under co-existence of H2 O, CO, CO2 or CH4

Atsushi Unemoto, Atsushi Kaimai, Kazuhisa Sato, Takanori Otake, Keiji Yashiro, Junichiro Mizusaki, Tatsuya Kawada, Tatsuya Tsuneki, Yoshinori Shirasaki, Isamu Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen permeation measurements were carried out to investigate how a co-existing gas with hydrogen affects the hydrogen permeability of a silver 23 wt%-palladium alloy of 20 μ m in thickness. The hydrogen flux was reduced by the co-introduction of water vapor, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide or methane. The lower the temperatures at which the measurements were carried out, the more obvious were the reductions of the hydrogen fluxes. An empirical rate equation of the surface reaction was obtained by a precise analysis of the results of hydrogen permeation measurements. The rate constant was found to depend on temperature, partial pressure and the components of the co-existing gas. Performance simulation was carried out utilizing the obtained rate equation of the surface reaction. It suggests that an interference effect of the co-existing gas is negligible at temperatures above 873 K for the membranes thicker than 10 μ m at 873 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4023-4029
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume32
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Co-existing gas
  • Hydrogen permeability
  • Membrane reformer
  • Palladium-silver membrane
  • Surface reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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