Surface modification of magnesium by NaHCO3 and corrosion behavior in Hank's solution for new biomaterial applications

Y. Al-Abdullat, S. Tsutsumi, N. Nakajima, M. Ohta, H. Kuwahara, K. Ikeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


The present study was carried out to improve the corrosion resistance of pure magnesium in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) through the surface modification. Three kinds of alkaline compounds, such as sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium carbonate, and lithium hydroxide, were used for treatment. Only magnesium treated with aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution gave a good corrosion resistance in HBSS solution at 25°C up to 75 days, while almost no effect in sodium carbonate and lithium hydroxide. It was likely that hydrogen carbonate ions were essential for the surface improvement of magnesium. X-ray diffraction patterns of modified magnesium showed new peaks of magnesium carbonate and others on the surface. New surface structure of needle-shaped crystals was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Both elemental mapping, and energy dispersive (EDX) techniques in SEM showed the precipitation of calcium magnesium phosphate (low crystallinity whitlockite:(Ca.Mg)3(PO4)2) on the surface of magnesium specimen. It could be concluded that surface modification with sodium hydrogen carbonate made it possible to apply metal magnesium in biomedical, dental, and other industrial usage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1777-1780
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomaterials
  • Corrosion
  • Hank's solution
  • Magnesium
  • Sodium hydrogen carbonate
  • Surface modification
  • Whitlockite-like

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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