Surface crystallization of Fresnoite-type crystallized glasses with large thickness

Yoshiki Yamazaki, Yoshihiro Takahashi, Rie Ihara, Takumi Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Transparent crystallized glass with a surface crystallization layer of sub-millimeter thickness was found in the glass compositions of 35BaO-15TiO 250GeO2 (BTG50), 28BaO-18TiO254SiO2 (BTS54), and 35SrO-20TiO245SiO2 (STS45), and the precipitated fresnoite-type crystalline phase showed nonlinear optical properties. XRD measurements confirmed that BTS54 and STS45 crystallized glasses precipitate as a single phase of the fresnoite-type crystallites Ba 2TiSi2O8 and Sr2TiSi 2O8, respectively. On the other hand, BTG50 crystallized glass precipitated two phases with mainly fresnoite-type BTG, Ba 2TiGe2O8 and BaGe4O9. The results of the XRD analysis of STS45 crystallized glass demonstrated high crystal orientation in the (002) direction from the glass surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-762
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1394
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct


  • Fresnoite-type crystal
  • High orientation
  • Nonlinear optical material
  • Surface crystallization
  • Transparent crystallized glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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