Supramolecular assembly of biphenyl dicarboxylic acid on Au(1 1 1)

N. Zhu, T. Osada, T. Komeda

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30 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the structure of submonolayer film of 4,4′-biphenyl dicarboxylic acid (BDA) molecules on Au(1 1 1)-22 × √3 reconstructed surface with the use of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The BDA molecules form ordered structures on Au(1 1 1) surface which are commensurate with the substrate. We have concluded that the molecule-molecule interaction is mainly through hydrogen bonding formed by a straight dimer of BDA molecules. The straight dimer can be expressed as 4s + 2t or its six crystallographic equivalents using the unit vectors of the gold substrate of s and t. The length of hydrogen bonding (O-H-O) is estimated to be 0.31 nm assuming nearest neighbor distance of gold atoms of 0.275 nm. The ordering shows a clear contrast with the case of BDA on Cu(1 0 0) surface [S. Stepanow, N. Lin, F. Vidal, A. Landa, M. Ruben, J.V. Barth, K. Kern, Nanoletters 5 (2005) 901] in which a square type of ordering of molecules is observed by the formation of hydrogen bonding between a carboxylate (COO) and a benzene ring. The clear difference of the ordered structure on Cu(1 0 0) and Au(1 1 1) surface demonstrates that the absence (presence) of deprotonation of carboxyl group of BDA molecule on Au(1 1 1) (Cu(1 0 0)) switches the straight and square type ordering of BDA molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1789-1794
Number of pages6
JournalSurface Science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 15


  • Carboxylic acid
  • Crystallization
  • Gold
  • Low index single crystal surfaces
  • Metal-insulator interfaces
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy
  • Self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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