Suppression of nitrogen oxides emission from the sintering process of iron ores by optimizing the structure of coke granules

Eiki Kasai, Yasuo Omori, Makoto Sakata, Osamu Yoshikawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Various types of coke granules were prepared with different powders of reagent, such as SiO2 Ca(OH)2 and Fe2O3 silica sand, limestone and their mixtures. Combustion experiments were carried out using packed beds of mixtures of the coke granules and alumina spheres in a laboratory-scale sintering simulator under different conditions, e.g., preheating temperature, initial gas composition and so forth. Composition of outlet gas was determined with a lapse of time by conventional infrared gas analyzer and an FT-IR gas analyzing system developed by the authors. Rate of coke combustion and conversion factor from organic nitrogen in coke to nitrogen oxides, i.e., NO, NO2 and N2O in outlet gas were calculated using the measured data. Moisture content in the introduced gas considerably affected the formation of nitrogen oxides during coke combustion. Certain types of coke granules, especially those made from the mixtures of CaO and Fe2O3 bearing powders gave extremely low amount of nitrogen oxides formation. This phenomenon can be explained by the physical and chemical behavior of calcium ferrites formed by the reaction between CaO and Fe2O3 in high temperature.On the basis of these results, a method to reduce the nitrogen oxides emission from the sintering process of iron ores without any serious process change was proposed and the validity of the method was verified by sinter pot tests.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFirst International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties
PublisherPubl by Minerals, Metals & Materials Soc (TMS)
Pages121-124
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)0873392566
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Dec 1
EventProceedings of the 1st International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties - Honolulu, HI, USA
Duration: 1993 Nov 71993 Nov 10

Publication series

NameFirst International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1st International Conference on Processing Materials for Properties
CityHonolulu, HI, USA
Period93/11/793/11/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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