There is a large error floor in an ultra multi-level digital coherent transmission signal of 1024 QAM or higher, and we have yet to determine its origin. In this paper, we show that this large error floor results from guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering (GAWBS) phase noise. We prove experimentally that such an error floor can be greatly reduced by compensating for the GAWBS noise with a phase modulation technique. We show that the BER of a 1024 QAM signal was reduced from 8.7 × 10−4 to 2.7 × 10−4 after a 160 km transmission with GAWBS noise compensation. Furthermore, we successfully extend the transmission distance from 160 to 240 km with a 7% overhead forward error correction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics