The rat 3Y1 derivative cell lines, EId10 and EId23, established by introducing the adeuovirus E1A12S, Id-1H, and Id-2H cDNAs linked to the hormone-inducible promoter, express these proteins upon treatment with dexamethasone and elicit apoptosis, although these cell lines express mutated p53. The E1A mutants containing a deletion in either the N terminus or the conserved region 1 were unable to induce apoptosis in cooperation with Ids. Western blot analysis of the immunoprecipitates prepared from the dexamethasone-treated EId10 cell extract showed that Id-2H preferentially binds to E1A and E2A (E12/E47) helix-loop-helix transcription factors in vivo, but scarcely to the retinoblastoma protein. After induction of E1A and Ids, EId10 and EId23 cells began to accumulate in S phase and undergo apoptosis before entering G2 phase, suggesting that abnormal synthesis of DNA induced by coexpression of E1A, Id-1H, and Id-2H results in the induction of apoptosis. Apoptosis also is induced in mouse A40 (p53(-/-)) cells by E1A alone or E1A plus Ids after transient transfection of the expression vectors. The induction of apoptosis is stimulated by coexpression with wild-type p53; however, apoptosis induced by E1A alone was suppressed completely by coexpression with mutated p53, whereas apoptosis induced by E1A plus Ids was stimulated by the mutated p53 as done by wild-type p53. These results suggest that the suppressive function of mutated p53 is overcome by Ids.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Sep 1|
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