Suppressing actions of butyrate on growth hormone (GH) secretion induced by GH-releasing hormone in rat anterior pituitary cells

H. Ishiwata, K. Katoh, C. Chen, T. Yonezawa, Y. Sasaki, Y. Obara

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We assessed the inhibitory effects of butyrate on the growth hormone (GH) secretion in order to investigate the cellular mechanisms in rat somatotrophs. Isolated anterior pituitary cells were cultured in DMEM for several hours, either in the presence (1, 3, or 10 mM) or absence of butyrate, and then stimulated with 10-7 M GHRH for 30 min, in the presence of butyrate at the concentrations used for the previous culture. The increase in GHRH-induced GH release was significantly reduced in a time-dependent and concentration-dependent manner in the cells previously cultured with butyrate. GH content (the sum of GH released into the medium induced by GHRH stimulation and the GH remaining in the cells after stimulation) was reduced by the culture of cells in the presence of butyrate, which was also inversely dependent on the concentrations used for the culture. Simultaneous addition of an L-type Ca 2+ channel blocker, nifedipine (10 pM), to the medium during 10 -9 M GHRH stimulation significantly reduced the stimulated GH release, which was further significantly decreased by a simultaneous addition of 10 mM butyrate. Butyrate blunted the GHRH (10-9 M)-induced increase in cellular cyclic AMP and calcium ion concentrations, the activity of protein kinases (A and C), and GHmRNA expression. The expression of mRNA for GPR 41 and 43, known as receptors for short-chain fatty acids, was confirmed in the anterior pituitary cells. These findings suggest that butyrate inhibits GHRH-induced GH release as well as GH production, and the cellular inhibitory actions of butyrate occur in diverse cellular signaling pathways of rat somatotrophs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)222-230
    Number of pages9
    JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
    Volume143
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sep 15

    Keywords

    • Butyrate
    • Ca
    • GH secretion
    • GHmRNA
    • cAMP

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Animal Science and Zoology
    • Endocrinology

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