Supporting Technology for Development of Antibody Drug and Diagnostic Method to Predict Response to the Drug, by Using Fluorescence Imaging

Kohsuke Gonda, Hiroshi Negishi, Mayumi Takano-Kasuya, Narufumi Kitamura, Naoko Furusawa, Yasushi Nakano, Hiroshi Tada, Takanori Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fluorescence imaging is a very useful method for visualizing molecules and cells, but when tissues are measured", decrease in resolution due to increased scattering and absorption of light in proportion to tissue thickness (problem 1)" and "decrease in signal to noise(S/N)ratio of positive signal due to tissue autofluorescence(problem 2)"are problems to be solved. In this paper, to develop a technology to improve the analysis accuracy of drug efficacy mechanisms in preclinical trial of drug discovery, we performed development of a supporting technology for drug discovery of antibody drug conjugates by imaging living tumor tissues, while solving problem 1. This technology is expected to lead to an improvement in the success rate of clinical trials. Next, to develop a diagnostic method to predict the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with antibody drugs for breast cancer, we performed development of fluorescence imaging of pathological tissues using fluorescent nanoparticles with ultra-high brightness, while solving problem 2. This diagnostic technology makes it possible to evaluate the expression level of the target protein of antibody drug with high quantitative and wide range sensitivity. This improved the accuracy of drug efficacy prediction. Therefore, patients who are expected to have a low drug efficacy will be able to select anticancer drugs with different mechanisms of action. These results of this study showed the reduction of drug discovery costs and improvement of individualized medicine. Thus, this study will greatly contribute to the development of precision medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalGan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
Volume48
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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