Supercurrent and dynamical instability of spin-orbit-coupled ultracold Bose gases

Tomoki Ozawa, Lev P. Pitaevskii, Sandro Stringari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the stability of supercurrents in a Bose-Einstein condensate with one-dimensional spin-orbit and Raman couplings. The consequence of the lack of Galilean invariance is explicitly discussed. We show that in the plane-wave phase, characterized by a uniform density, the supercurrent state can become dynamically unstable, the instability being associated with the occurrence of a complex sound velocity, in a region where the effective mass is negative. We also discuss the emergence of energetic instability in these supercurrent states. We argue that both the dynamical and the energetic instabilities in these systems can be generated experimentally through excitation of the collective dipole oscillation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063610
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 11
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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