One of the central questions in the cuprate research is the nature of the normal state that develops into high-temperature superconductivity (HTSC). In the normal state of hole-doped cuprates, the existence of a charge density wave (CDW) is expected to shed light on the mechanism of HTSC. With evidence emerging for CDW order in the electron-doped cuprates, the CDW is thought to be a universal phenomenon in high-Tc cuprates. However, the CDW phenomena in electron-doped cuprates are quite different than those in hole-doped cuprates. Here, we study the nature of the putative CDW in an electron-doped cuprate through direct comparisons between as-grown and postannealed Nd1.86Ce0.14CuO4 (NCCO) single crystals using Cu L3-edge resonant soft x-ray scattering (RSXS) and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). The RSXS result reveals that the nonsuperconducting NCCO shows the same reflections at the wave vector (∼1=4, 0, l) as the reported superconducting NCCO. This superconductivity-insensitive signal is quite different from the CDW reflection in hole-doped cuprates. Moreover, the ARPES result suggests that the fermiology cannot account for such wave vectors. These results call into question the universality of the CDW phenomenon in the cuprates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)