A high density of BaMO3 (BMO) nanorods within a REBa2Cu3Oy (REBCO) film can be generated by heavy doping of the BMO. This is very effective in improving superconducting properties in high magnetic fields. However, heavy doping causes a significant Tc reduction. Introduction of a high density of BMO nanorods into REBCO films without reduction in Tc is required. To this end, we deposited SmBa2Cu3Oy (SmBCO) films with various amount of BaHfO3 (BHO) by a pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method using a seed-layer technique and a low-temperature growth (LTG) technique. Using this technique, we can fabricate a purely c-axis-oriented SmBCO film even at low substrate temperatures Ts. The SmBCO films with BHO were fabricated at low Ts of 750 °C without heavy doping of BHO. As a result, the BHO nanorods became thinner and denser than those within SmBCO films fabricated by conventional PLD methods at high Ts. The maximum density was 4780/μm2, and the Bphi of the film reached 9.9 T. These samples showed high Tc (> 90 K). We have therefore successfully fabricated high-Tc SmBCO films with high densities of BHO nanorods using the LTG technique.
- critical temperature
- high density
- thin film
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering