One of the most significant issues for superconductivity is clarifying the momentum-dependent superconducting gap Δ(k), which is closely related to the pairing mechanism. To elucidate the gap structure, it is essential to investigate Δ(k) in as many different physical quantities as possible and to crosscheck the results obtained in different methods with each other. In this paper, we report a combinatorial investigation of the superfluid density and the flux-flow resistivity of iron-pnictide superconductors; LiFeAs and BaFe2(As1−xPx)2 (x = 0.3, 0.45). We evaluated Δ(k) by fitting these two-independent quantities with a two-band model simultaneously. The obtained Δ(k) are consistent with the results observed in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and scanning-tunneling spectroscopy (STS) studies. We believe our approach is a powerful method for investigating Δ(k) because it does not require a sample with clean surface unlike ARPES and STS experiments, or a rotational magnetic-field system for direct measurements of the angular dependence of thermodynamic quantities.
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