Super-Chandrasekhar-mass light curve models for the highly luminous type Ia supernova 2009dc

Yasuomi Kamiya, Masaomi Tanaka, Ken'Ichi Nomoto, Sergei I. Blinnikov, Elena I. Sorokina, Tomoharu Suzuki

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Several highly luminous Type Ia supernovae (SNeIa) have been discovered. Their high luminosities are difficult to explain with the thermonuclear explosions of Chandrasekhar-mass white dwarfs (WDs). In the present study, we estimate the progenitor mass of SN 2009dc, one of the extremely luminous SNeIa, using the hydrodynamical models as follows. Explosion models of super-Chandrasekhar-mass (super-Ch-mass) WDs are constructed, and multi-color light curves (LCs) are calculated. The comparison between our calculations and the observations of SN 2009dc suggests that the exploding WD has a super-Ch mass of 2.2-2.4 M, producing 1.2-1.4 M of 56Ni, if the extinction by its host galaxy is negligible. If the extinction is significant, the exploding WD is as massive as ∼2.8 M , and ∼1.8 M of 56Ni is necessary to account for the observations. Whether the host-galaxy extinction is significant or not, the progenitor WD must have a thick carbon-oxygen layer in the outermost zone (20%-30% of the WD mass), which explains the observed low expansion velocity of the ejecta and the presence of carbon. Our estimate of the mass of the progenitor WD, especially for the extinction-corrected case, is challenging to the current scenarios of SNeIa. Implications for the progenitor scenarios are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number191
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 10
Externally publishedYes


  • radiative transfer
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2009dc)
  • white dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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