[18F]-THK5351 PET Imaging in Patients with Semantic Variant Primary Progressive Aphasia

Hyon Lee, Seongho Seo, Sang Yoon Lee, Hye Jin Jeong, Sung Ho Woo, Kyoung Min Lee, Yeong Bae Lee, Kee Hyung Park, Jae Hyeok Heo, Cindy W. Yoon, Jae Myeong Kang, Jaelim Cho, Nobuyuki Okamura, Shozo Furumoto, Kazuhiko Yanai, Duk L. Na, Tatsuo Ido, Victor L. Villemagne, Young Noh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA) has been associated with a variety of proteinopathies, mainly transactive response DNA-binding protein, but also with tau and β-amyloid. Recently selective tau tracers for positron emission tomography (PET) have been developed to determine the presence of cerebral tau deposits in vivo. Here, we investigated the topographical distribution of THK5351 in svPPA patients. Materials and Methods: Five svPPA patients, 14 Alzheimer's disease patients, and 15 age-matched normal controls underwent [18F]-THK5351 PET scans, magnetic resonance imaging, and detailed neuropsychological tests. [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose PET was obtained in 3 svPPA patients, whereas the remaining 2 underwent amyloid PET using [18F]-flutemetamol. Tau distribution among the 3 groups was compared using regions of interest-based and voxel-based statistical analyses. Results: In svPPA patients, [18F]-THK5351 retention was elevated in the anteroinferior and lateral temporal cortices compared with the normal controls group (left>right), and in the left inferior and temporal polar region compared with Alzheimer's disease patients. [18F]-THK5351 retention inversely correlated with glucose metabolism, whereas regional THK retention correlated with clinical severity. [18F]-flutemetamol scans were negative for β-amyloid. Conclusions: These findings show that [18F]-THK5351 retention may be detected in cortical regions correlating with svPPA pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalAlzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • THK5351
  • positron emission tomography
  • semantic variant primary progressive aphasia
  • tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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