Imaging of neurofibrillary pathology in the brain helps in diagnosing dementia, tracking disease progression, and evaluating the therapeutic efficacy of antidementia drugs. The radiotracers used in this imaging must be highly sensitive and specific for tau protein fibrils in the human brain. We developed a novel tau PET tracer, 18FTHK5351, through compound optimization of arylquinoline derivatives. Methods: The in vitro binDing properties, pharmacokinetics, and safety of 18F-THK5351 were investigated, and a clinical study on Alzheimer disease (AD) patients was performed. Results: 18FTHK5351 demonstrated higher binDing affinity for hippocampal homogenates from AD brains and faster dissociation from whitematter tissue than did 18F-THK5117. The THK5351 binDing amount correlated with the amount of tau deposits in human brain samples. Autoradiography of brain sections revealed that THK5351 bound to neurofibrillary tangles selectively and with a higher signal-tobackground ratio than did THK5117. THK5351 exhibited favorable pharmacokinetics and no defluorination in mice. In first-in-human PET studies in AD patients, 18F-THK5351 demonstrated faster kinetics, higher contrast, and lower retention in subcortical white matter than18F-THK5117. Conclusion: 18F-THK5351 is a useful PET tracer for the early detection of neurofibrillary pathology in AD patients.
- Alzheimer's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging