123I-IMP-SPECT in a patient with cerebral proliferative angiopathy: A case report

Tomomi Kimiwada, Toshiaki Hayashi, Reizo Shirane, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cerebral proliferative angiopathy (CPA) is a new clinical entity demonstrating a diffuse network of densely enhanced vascular abnormalities with intermingled normal brain parenchyma and is distinguishable from classical arteriovenous malformations by specific clinical and imaging markers. However, the pathophysiological nature of this disease is unclear, and there is no consensus on the treatment. We describe cerebral perfusion abnormalities in a patient with CPA by using N-isopropyl-p-[123I] iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography (123I-IMP-SPECT) and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The patient, a 13-year-old boy, had reversible focal neurological deficits unrelated to cerebral hemorrhage. 123I-IMP-SPECT at resting state showed preserved uptake within the vascular lesion, yet lower uptake in the area adjacent to the lesion. In addition, acetazolamide-stressed 123I-IMP-SPECT exhibited severely impaired cerebrovascular reactivity over the affected hemisphere, suggesting that his focal neurological deficits were related to the cerebral ischemia. The perfusion abnormalities on 123I-IMP-SPECT in a CPA patient have never been previously reported. The concept of vascular malformation-related hypoperfusion is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1432-1435
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov

Keywords

  • Cerebral ischemia
  • I-IMP- SPECT
  • PW-MRI
  • cerebral proliferative angiopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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