[ 11C]doxepin binding to histamine H1 receptors in living human brain: Reproducibility during attentive waking and circadian rhythm

Katsuhiko Shibuya, Yoshihito Funaki, Kotaro Hiraoka, Takeo Yoshikawa, Fumito Naganuma, Masayasu Miyake, Shoichi Watanuki, Hirotoshi Sato, Manabu Tashiro, Kazuhiko Yanai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Molecular imaging in neuroscience is a new research field that enables visualization of the impact of molecular events on brain structure and function in humans. While magnetic resonance-based imaging techniques can provide complex information at the level of system, positron emission tomography (PET) enables determination of the distribution and density of receptor and enzyme in the human brain. Previous studies using [ 11C]raclopride and [ 11C]FLB457 revealed that the release of neuronal dopamine was increased in human brain by psychostimulants or reward stimuli. Following on from these previous [ 11C]raclopride studies, we examined whether the levels of neuronal release of histamine might change [ 11C]doxepin binding to the H1 receptors under the influence of physiological stimuli. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of quantitative measurement of [ 11C]doxepin binding between morning and afternoon and between resting and attentive waking conditions in healthy human subjects. There was a trend for a decrease in [ 11C]doxepin binding during attentive calculation tasks compared with that in resting conditions, but the difference (less than 10%) was not significant. Similarly, the binding potential of [ 11C]doxepin in the cerebral cortex was slightly higher in the morning than that in the afternoon, but it was also insignificant. These data suggest that higher histamine release during wakefulness could not decrease the [ 11C]doxepin binding in the brain. This study confirmed the reproducibility and reliability of [ 11C]doxepin in the previous imaging studies to measure the H1 receptor.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Issue numberJUNE 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 11


  • Attentive waking
  • Circadian rhythm
  • H1 receptor
  • Histamine release
  • Human brain
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Test-retest reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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