Angular behaviors of critical current density Jc and n-values at 77 K, 1 T were investigated in YBCO films with columnar defects (CDs) tilted at small angles to the ab-plane before and after the additional introduction of CDs at different angles, where CDs were installed by heavy-ion irradiations. The enhanced Jc at B || ab by the initial irradiation at θi = ±85° relative to the c-axis was reduced by the additional irradiation at θi = ±75°, whereas the Jc was increased at the intermediate angle between the two irradiation angles. The addition of CDs at θi = 0° also lowered the Jc around B || ab, which were enhanced by the initial irradiation angles of θi = ±80°. The n-values, by contrast, were hardly lowered in any direction of magnetic field by the second irradiation: the n-value seems to be determined by a simple sum of the pinning interactions of CDs tilted at different angles. These results suggest that the flux pinning is improved in each direction of the tilted CDs, without impeding the flux pinning in the other CD direction each other. The additional introduction of CDs, however, induces both the reduction of the superconducting percolation path and the irradiation damage to the ab-correlated PCs, resulting in the reduction of Jc.
- columnar defects
- critical current density
- flux pinning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering