Sulfated zirconia as a solid acid catalyst for the dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

Xinhua Qi, Masaru Watanabe, Taku M. Aida, Richard L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfated zirconia was prepared by impregnation with H2SO4, and was characterized using BET surface area, XRD, TG-DTA and FT-IR techniques. The sulfated zirconia was evaluated as a catalyst for the dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) by microwave heating. With sulfated zirconia catalyst, high fructose conversion of 93.6% with 5-HMF yield of 72.8% could be attained at 180 °C for 20 min reaction time in acetone-dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) mixtures. Sulfated zirconia is an effective catalyst for producing 5-HMF from fructose in non-aqueous solvent but shows low catalytic activity in water solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1771-1775
Number of pages5
JournalCatalysis Communications
Volume10
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul 25

Keywords

  • 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural
  • Fructose
  • Solid catalyst
  • Sulfated zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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