Sudden changes in the amplitude-frequency distribution of long-period tremors at Aso volcano, southwest Japan

Osamu Sandanbata, Kazushige Obara, Takuto Maeda, Ryota Takagi, Kenji Satake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We observed the activity of long-period tremors (LPTs) with a period of ∼15 s at Aso volcano, Japan, during a 3 year period including the 2014 eruptions. The number of LPTs detected systematically increased 3 months before the Strombolian eruptions. LPT activity can be divided into five stages based on rapid changes in the maximum LPT amplitude. The amplitude-frequency relation follows an exponential distribution during each stage before the Strombolian eruptions, with different characteristic amplitudes for each stage, indicating that the scale of the source property changed in stages. However, during a stage that persisted for 6 days after the onset of Strombolian activity, the amplitude-frequency relation temporarily followed a power law distribution, indicating that the LPT source process no longer had a characteristic scale. In the last stage, the amplitude-frequency relation returned to an exponential distribution. We therefore conclude that the physical source of volcanic LPTs changed during the eruption period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10256-10262
Number of pages7
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume42
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 16

Keywords

  • Strombolian eruption
  • amplitude-frequency
  • phreatic eruption
  • scaling
  • volcanic tremor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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