Ta2 S2 C compound undergoes superconducting transitions at Tcl =3.60±0.02 K and Tcu =9.0±0.2 K. The nature of successive superconducting transitions has been studied from electrical resistivity and linear and nonlinear ac magnetic susceptibilities. The resistivity ρ at H=0 shows a local maximum near Tcu, a kinklike behavior around Tcl, and reduces to zero at below T0 =2.1 K. The ln T dependence of ρ is observed at H=50 kOe at low temperatures, which is due to a two-dimensional weak-localization effect. Below Tcu, a two-dimensional superconducting phase occurs in each TaC layer. The linear and nonlinear susceptibilities χ1″, χ3′, χ5′, and χ7′ as well as the difference δχ (= χFC - χZFC) between the field-cooled (FC) and zero-field-cooled (ZFC) susceptibilities start to appear below 6.0 K, the onset temperature of irreversibility. A drastic growth of the in-plane superconducting coherence length below 6.0 K gives rise to a three-dimensional superconducting phase below Tcl through interplanar Josephson couplings between adjacent TaC layers. The oscillatory behavior of χ3″, χ5″, and χ7″ below Tcl is related to the nonlinear behavior arising from the thermally activated flux flow.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 May 31|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics