Successive perioperative management of laparoscopic liver resection in the reverse Trendelenburg position for a patient with Fontan physiology: a case report

Kazutomo Saito, Hiroaki Toyama, Moeka Saito, Masanori Yamauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic surgery for a patient with Fontan physiology is challenging because pneumoperitoneum and positive pressure ventilation could decrease venous return and the accumulated partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) could increase pulmonary vascular resistance, which might lead to disruption of the hemodynamics. Case presentation: A 25-year-old man with Fontan physiology was scheduled to undergo laparoscopic liver resection for Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) with noninvasive monitoring of cardiac output (CO) by transpulmonary thermodilution in addition to transesophageal echocardiography. The abdominal air pressure was maintained low, and we planned to switch to open abdominal surgery promptly if hemodynamic instability became apparent because of the accumulated PaCO2 or postural change. Consequently, the pneumoperitoneum had limited influence on circulatory dynamics, but central venous pressure significantly decreased with postural change to the reverse Trendelenburg position. Laparoscopic liver resection for FALD was performed successfully with no significant changes in CO and central venous saturation. Conclusions: With strict circulation management, laparoscopic surgery for a patient with Fontan physiology can be performed safely. Comprehensive hemodynamic assessment by noninvasive transpulmonary thermodilution can provide valuable information to determine the time for shift to open abdominal surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56
JournalJA Clinical Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fontan-associated liver disease
  • Laparoscopic liver resection
  • Reverse Trendelenburg position
  • Transpulmonary thermodilution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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