In patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), to avoid the development of acute left heart failure (HF) and an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption following ASD closure, it is conceivable that coronary artery revascularization should be performed prior to ASD closure. We report the case of a 67-year-old man with a large secundum ASD and LV ejection fraction of 15.6% resulting from severe ischemic cardiomyopathy and triple-vessel CAD, both of which contributed to biventricular HF characterized by high left-to-right shunt (Qp:Qs of 7.1:1) and low systemic cardiac output. After evaluating his hemodynamics and biventricular function with cardiac catheterization and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, we successfully conducted an inverse, stepwise strategy of transcatheter ASD closure using anti-congestive therapies, intraaortic balloon pumping, and subsequent balloon occlusion testing, followed by on-pump beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting.
- Anti-heart failure therapy
- Coronary artery revascularization
- Device closure
- Interatrial communication
- Left ventricular dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine