High substrate temperature sputtered CoPt-SiO2 granular films with columnar grain structure, high perpendicular uniaxial magnetic anisotropy (Ku⊥), and low stacking faults (SFs) are reported. By introducing a CoCr-SiO2 buffer layer onto a Ru layer, SiO 2 segregates to Ru grains boundaries and CoCr grains grow epitaxially onto Ru grains. Consequently, the bumpy surface morphology of the underlayer is maintained even though the temperature of the substrate heating is subsequently elevated to around 400°C. Therefore, the CoPtCr magnetic grains of the CoPtCr-SiO2 granular recording layer can grow epitaxially with columnar structure upon the CoCr grains of the CoCr-SiO2 buffer layer. For deposition of CoPt-SiO2 (no Cr) granular films at the substrate temperature below 400°C, the increase of SFs can be suppressed such that Ku⊥ can be kept high at around 6.5×10 6ergs/cm3 (Kugrain of around 9.0×106ergs/cm3, where Kugrain is referred to uniaxial magneto-crystalline anisotropy of the magnetic grains when oxide material is excluded from the granular layer).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)