Successful endoscopic identification of the bleeding source in the ventral dura of the cervical spine in a case of superficial siderosis

Yoshimichi Sato, Toshiki Endo, Tomoo Inoue, Miki Fujimura, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors report on the case of a 65-year-old man suffering progressive gait disturbance and hearing impairment due to superficial siderosis (SS). According to the literature, repeated hemorrhage into the subarachnoid space causes SS; however, the bleeding source remains unknown in half of SS patients. In the presented case, preoperative MRI revealed a fluid-filled intraspinal cavity extending from C2 to T8 with a dural defect at the ventral C7 level. During surgery, the dural defect was seen to connect to the intraspinal cavity filled with xanthochromic fluid. Importantly, endoscopic observation verified that the rupture of fragile bridging veins in the cavity was the definite bleeding source. Postoperative MRI confirmed disappearance of the intraspinal cavity, and the patient’s symptoms gradually improved. The use of endoscopy helped to establish the diagnosis and led to definite treatment. Fragile bridging veins in the fluid-filled interdural layers were novelly verified as a bleeding source in SS. Recognizing this phenomenon is important since it can establish closure of the dural defect as a definite treatment in SS with an intraspinal cavity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-76
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul

Keywords

  • Bleeding source
  • Cervical
  • Dural defect
  • Endoscopy
  • Superficial siderosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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