We demonstrate that the spatial resolution in confocal laser scanning microscopy is remarkably improved by simple image subtraction between images acquired by higher-order transverse modes of a cylindrical vector beam, referred to as radially and azimuthally polarized Laguerre–Gaussian mode beams. Two types of combinations of vector mode beams suitable for subtraction imaging are derived by a systematical study based on numerical calculations. The spatial resolution of about 100 nm is experimentally achieved without the degradation of image quality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics