We investigated the substrate specificity of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) synthase derived from Bacillus stearothermophilus and porcine liver by examining the reactivities of two cyclic substrate homologs, cyclohexylideneethyl diphosphate and cyclohexenylethyl diphosphate. Reaction of geranyl diphosphate with 2-cyclohexenylethyl diphosphate using bacterial or porcine liver FPP synthase produced (S)-geranylcyclohexylideneethyl diphosphate, with relative yields of 13.6% for the bacterial enzyme and 42.2% for the porcine liver enzyme. Reaction of cyclohexylideneethyl diphosphate with isopentenyl diphosphate produced 10-cyclohexyliden-3,7-dimethyldeca-2,6-dien-1-ol as a double condensation product, with relative yields of 23.1% (bacterial enzyme) and 3.0% (porcine liver enzyme). Reaction of cyclohexylideneethyl diphosphate with 2-cyclohexenylethyl diphosphate using bacterial enzyme produced (cyclohexylideneethyl)-cyclohexylideneethyl diphosphate (0.8% yield).
- 2-Cyclohexenylethyl diphosphate
- Bacillus stearothermophilus
- Cyclohexylideneethyl diphosphate
- Farnesyl diphosphate synthase
- Substrate specificity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology