The physical characteristics of an annular Pierce-type electron gun are investigated analytically. The electron gun is used in conjunction with a nonadiabatic magnetic reversal and adiabatic compression region to produce an axis-encircling beam. Typical magnetic field profiles that can generate zero velocity spreads are obtained from the analytical calculation, taking into account initial canonical angular momentum spreads at the cathode and the crossing of the beam trajectory and magnetic flux line before the magnetic cusp. Using this magnetic fields, a fairly low axial velocity spread of less than 1% is achieved by an electron trajectory program [W. B. Hermannsfeldt, Electron Trajectory Program (Stanford Linear Acceleration Center, Stanford, CA, 1979)], which agrees well with that by analytical estimation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)