Study on the chemical structure and actinide leaching of MCCI debris

Akira Kirishima, Akito Nagatomo, Daisuke Akiyama, Takayuki Sasaki, Nobuaki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To understand the chemical structure and stability of molten core-concrete interaction (MCCI) debris generated by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in Japan in 2011, simulated MCCI debris consisting of the U–Zr–Ca–Si–O system and other simpler systems were synthesized and characterized. 237Np and 241Am tracers were doped for the leaching tests of these elements and U from the simulated debris. The MCCI debris were synthesized by heat treatment at 1200 °C or 1600 °C, in reductive (Ar + 10% H2) or oxidative (Ar + 2% O2) atmospheres. Subsequently, the debris were used for actinide leaching tests with water. Zr and Ca formed a solid-solution with the UO2 matrix, such as (ZryU1-y)O2+x, (CayU1-y)O2+x, and (CazZryU1-y-z)O2, which stabilized the matrix and suppressed actinide leaching from the simulated debris. On the other hand, the cement components (CaO and SiO2) in the debris formed a glass-like coating on the debris, which also remarkably suppressed the leaching of actinides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151795
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume527
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 15

Keywords

  • Actinides
  • Fuel debris
  • Fukushima NPP
  • Leaching
  • Molten core-concrete interaction
  • Severe accident

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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