Study on pressure dependences of ethanol oxidation by separated weak flames in a micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile

Hisashi Nakamura, Akira Yamamoto, Mikito Hori, Takuya Tezuka, Susumu Hasegawa, Kaoru Maruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detailed oxidation process of a stoichiometric ethanol/air mixture and its pressure dependence were examined based on separated weak flames in a micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile. With the increase of pressure, the first weak flame, which is stabilized at the lower temperature side, shifted to the low temperature side, and the peak value of its luminosity increased. The peak value of luminosity at the second weak flame, which is stabilized at the higher temperature side, increased from P = 1 to 2 atm, then decreased from P = 2 to 5 atm. Pressure dependences of the computed heat release rate (HRR) profiles with detailed ethanol mechanism developed by Saxena and Williams (UCSD mechanism) agreed with those of the experimental luminosity profiles. The contributions of elementary reactions to the peak values of HRR at the separated weak flames were investigated. Results showed that the first weak flame was characterized by the oxidation from the fuel to CO and the second weak flame was characterized by the CO oxidation and hydrogen-oxygen reactions. Reaction path analysis was conducted and the HO2 formation reaction, H+O 2(+M)⇔HO2(+M), CH3CHO oxidation reactions, and reactions between C2H4 and C2H5 showed main pressure dependences at the first weak flame. Computation with Marinov's mechanism (LLNL mechanism) was conducted and pressure dependences of the HRR profiles did not agree with those obtained with UCSD mechanism, although pressure dependences of mass burning velocities and ignition delay times by these two mechanisms agreed well. The difference in the pressure dependences of the HRR profiles by these two mechanisms would be mainly due to the different pressure dependence of the HO2 formation reaction. The increase of reactivity at the first weak flame in elevated pressure condition was overestimated in UCSD mechanism, while it was underestimated in LLNL mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3435-3443
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Ethanol oxidation
  • Hydroperoxyl radical (HO)
  • Microcombustion
  • Pressure dependence
  • Weak flames

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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