Study on oxidation and pyrolysis of carbonate esters using a micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile. Part I: Reactivities of dimethyl carbonate, ethyl methyl carbonate and diethyl carbonate

Keisuke Kanayama, Shintaro Takahashi, Shota Morikura, Hisashi Nakamura, Takuya Tezuka, Kaoru Maruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbonate esters such as dimethyl carbonate (DMC), ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC) and diethyl carbonate (DEC) are widely used as electrolyte solvents in a lithium-ion battery (LIB) and are considered as one of potential fire causes. This study investigates a difference in gas-phase reactivities of DMC, EMC and DEC. Species measurements for oxidation (equivalence ratio of 1.0) and pyrolysis of DMC and DEC at maximum wall temperatures of Tw,max = 700–1300 K and atmospheric pressure were performed using a gas chromatograph connected to a micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile (MFR). Measured mole fractions of C2H4 and CO2 in the DEC case started increasing at a low temperature (Tw,max = 750 K), while those of CH4 and CO2 in the DMC case started increasing at an intermediate temperature (Tw,max = 1050 K). Gas-phase reactivities of the three carbonate esters were found to be DMC < EMC ≈ DEC through observation of their weak flames. Computational species and heat release rate profiles of DEC showed a three-stage reaction: thermal decomposition, oxidation of decomposition products to CO and CO oxidation to CO2. This three-stage reaction of DEC is distinct from the one driven by low-temperature oxidation observed with n-heptane and DME in earlier studies. Rate of production analysis indicated that principal fuel consumption reactions of DMC were H-atom abstraction reactions and that of DEC was a thermal decomposition reaction producing C2H4. Based on reaction path analysis of DEC oxidation, initial-stage reactions produced few active radicals at the low temperature region. The reactivity difference between DMC and DEC is, therefore, mainly driven by the difference in the primary fuel consumption reactions that relies on fuel molecular structure. Considering the existence of ethyl ester group in EMC, a dominant EMC consumption reaction would be similar to DEC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111810
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Keywords

  • Bio-derived fuels
  • Chemical kinetic mechanism
  • Fire safety
  • Low carbon combustion
  • Microcombustion
  • Thermal runaway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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