Study on flow instability for feasibility of a thin liquid film first wall

Fumito Okino, Ryuta Kasada, Satoshi Konishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study proposes a probability of the evaporated gas that agitates a growing instability wave in a thin liquid film first wall. The liquid first wall was considered to be in vacuum and the effect of the ambient gas was neglected but the evaporated gas by the high energy fluxes is a probable cause of unstable wave agitation. The criterion is approximately expressed by the density ratio (Q2) and the Weber number (We) as Q2 × We 0.5 ≈ 5 × 10-4. Performed indirect experimental supported this criterion. For a case study of liquid Pb-17Li film with a velocity of 10 m/s, the evaporated gas pressure must be below 6.2 × 103 Pa to maintain stable conditions. By recent study, this pressure is generated at 1600 K temperature and it is believed to be attainable by the energy fluxes on the first wall. This result is so far not confirmed so the full verification by experimental is to be performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1058
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambient gas
  • Evaporation
  • First wall
  • Instability
  • Liquid film
  • Pb-17Li

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Study on flow instability for feasibility of a thin liquid film first wall'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this