Study of reactivity control method by the application of gadolinium hydride to accelerator-driven system

Naoto Aizawa, Tomohiko Iwasaki, Yasuaki Watanabe, Tatsuro Takani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A reactivity control method for accelerator-driven system (ADS) is studied for its ability to reduce both the maximum beam current and the load on the beam window. A burnable position (BP) assembly (with gadolinium and zirconium hydride pins) is applied to the ADS core for reactivity control, and various BP assembly optimizations (such as pin arrangement, BP assembly loading position, and BP composition) are performed to minimize the burnup reactivity swing. These optimizations lead to a decreased burnup reactivity swing that is as much as 82.5% less than the swing of non-BP-loaded core; furthermore, the maximum beam current is 12.5 mA. The reactor characteristics of the optimized BP-loaded ADS core are also analyzed to investigate how the introduction of BP assembly influences the system. Safety parameters (such as the Doppler coefficient and the coolant void reactivity) worsen with the introduction of BP assembly, and the total minor actinide transmutation amount decreases 30-40 kg because of the moderated neutrons and changed fuel composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-249
Number of pages10
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

Keywords

  • accelerator-driven system (ADS)
  • burnable poison
  • burnup calculation
  • gadolinium hydride
  • reactivity
  • reactor core

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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