Study of NiO/NiFe/Cu/NiFe spin valves

Osamu Kitakami, Hiroshi Takashima, Yutaka Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We have studied the exchange coupling of antiferromagnetic NiO/ferromagnetic Ni80Fe20 bilayers, and have found the coupling strength is closely related to the crystallographic orientation of the NiO at the NiO/Ni80Fe20 interface. As the (111) of NiO, which is a parallel spin plane, becomes predominant at the interface, the coupling is enhanced. For the development of a spin-valve sandwich utilizing NiO as an antiferromagnetic (AF) layer, the configuration S/AF/F/NF/F (S = substrate, F = ferromagnetic layer, NF = nonmagnetic spacer) is more favorable for large magnetoresistance than the S/F/NF/F/AF configuration, because the former gives a high exchange field and a smooth NF spacer, resulting in an ideal antiparallel spin alignment in the sandwich during the magnetization process. Moreover, we have obtained a magnetoresistance ratio of 8% for Ni80Fe20 and 15% for Co at the optimum ferromagnetic layer thickness of about 50 Å.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Nov


  • Antiferromagnetic
  • Exchange coupling
  • Magnetoresistance
  • NiO
  • Spin valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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