Study of a condition for the mode conversion from purely perpendicular electrostatic waves to electromagnetic waves

Mohammad Javad Kalaee, Yuto Katoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the mechanisms for generating electromagnetic plasma waves (Z-mode and LO-mode) is mode conversion from electrostatic waves into electromagnetic waves in inhomogeneous plasma. Herein, we study a condition required for mode conversion of electrostatic waves propagating purely perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field, by numerically solving the full dispersion relation. An approximate model is derived describing the coupling between electrostatic waves (hot plasma Bernstein mode) and Z-mode waves at the upper hybrid frequency. The model is used to study conditions required for mode conversion from electrostatic waves (electrostatic electron cyclotron harmonic waves, including Bernstein mode) into electromagnetic plasma waves (LO-mode). It is shown that for mode conversion to occur in inhomogeneous plasma, the angle between the boundary surface and the magnetic field vector should be within a specific range. The range of the angle depends on the norm of the k vector of waves at the site of mode conversion in the inhomogeneous region. The present study reveals that inhomogeneity alone is not a sufficient condition for mode conversion from electrostatic waves to electromagnetic plasma waves and that the angle between the magnetic field and the density gradient plays an important role in the conversion process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number072119
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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